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陕西开放大学24春人文英语4单元自测8【100分答案】

时间:2024-06-13 13:06来源:本站作者:点击: 48 次

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单元自测8(10分)

试卷总分:100  得分:100

 

一、选择填空,从A、B、C三个选项中选出一个能填入空白处的最佳选项。(每题10分)

 

1.— What time does the train leave?

— _________________.

A.On Tuesday

B.In the morning

C.At half past five

 

2.— Have you ever been to Tokyo?

— _________________.

A.No, I didn't go there last year

B.No, but I hope to go there next year

C.Tokyo is a busy city

 

3._____________ no need _____________ the radio as I'm used to studying with it on.

A.?It's; to turn down

B.It's; turning up

C.There's; turning off

 

4.He studied hard at school when he was young, _________contributed a lot to his success.

A.which

B.therefore

C.what

 

5.All students are required to translate this poem ________English into Chinese.

A.with

B.from

C.on

 

 

二、阅读理解:选择题(每题10分)

 

6.选择题

 

  Is that 6 a.m. wokeout getting in the way of good sleep? Don't think your fat cells won't notice. A new study published in The Annals of Internal Medicine (a medical journal) finds that inadequate shut-eye has a harmful effect on fat cells, reducing their ability to respond to insulin (胰岛素) by about 30 percent. Over the long-term, this decreased response could set the stage for type-2 diabetes (a medical condition in which someone has too much sugar in his or her blood), fatty liver disease and weight gain.

 

  The study adds to a growing body of evidence that there' “an intimate relationship between the amount of sleep we get and our ability to maintain a good, healthy body weight,” says sleep expert Helene Emsellem, director of the Center for Sleep and Wake Disorders in Chevy Chase, Maryland. But Americans don't seem to be getting the message that we need seven to nine hours par night. More than 1 in 5 of us, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is getting six or fewer hours of sleep per night, on average.

 

  So how did researchers study fat cells in the Annals paper? Matthew Brady of the University of Chicago and a group of colleagues selected and persuaded seven volunteers to take part in the research project. They were all young, thin and healthy and agreed to sleep for eight nights in a sleep lab. “For four nights they were allowed to stay in bed for 8.5 hours a night,” says Brady. Then, a month later, they came back for four additional nights——but this time they were allowed just 4.5 hours of sleep per night. And after each visit, researchers got a sample of their fat. Brady explains that the fat cells responded significantly to the loss of sleep. “I was very surprised to be honest,” he says.

 

  Bad things can happen when fat cells become less responsive to insulin. “Fat cells are actually your friend,” he says. “They're there to store lipids (血脂).” When lipids stay inside the cells, your body can utilize the fat when you're exercising or sleeping or going about your day. “However, when fat cells stare to become insulin resistant, the lipids star to leach out of the fat cells and rise in the bloodstream,” Brady says.

 

?

 

  1. According to the passage, lack of sleep for a long while can probably lead to all of the following EXCEPT    1    .

 

  A. heart disease

  B. weight gain

  C. diabetes

 

  2. The main idea of the third paragraph is?   2    .

 

  A. how to write a medical research paper

  B. how to avoid sleep loss

  C. how the research was conducted

 

  3. What does the “leach” in the last paragraph probably mean?   3    

 

  A. Leap.

  B. Lead.

  C. Leak.

 

  4. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?   4    

 

  A. We will be in trouble if our fat cells become less responsive to insulin.

  B. More and more studies are done to study the link between sleep and weight.

  C. More than 20% of Americans are not getting enough sleep.

 

  5. Which of the following is an appropriate title for this passage?   5    

 

  A. Poor Sleep May Lead to Too Much Stored Fat and Disease

  B. Sleep Experts Had Exciting Findings in a Fat Study

  C. Americans Should Have More Than Six Hours of Sleep

(1).__1__

A.A

B.B

C.C

(2).__2__

A.A

B.B

C.C

(3).__3__

A.A

B.B

C.C

(4).__4__

A.A

B.B

C.C

(5).__5__

A.A

B.B

C.C


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